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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 47(4); 2004 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2004;47(4):455-460.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2004.47.4.455   
What is an Optimal Dosage of Alfentanil for Minimizing the Hemodynamic Change to Endotracheal Intubation during Anesthesia Induction with Propofol Target-Controlled Infusion?
Hyoung Ki Min, Woo Jae Jeon, Serk Young Jeong, Jae Hang Shim, Sang Yoon Cho, Jong Hoon Yeom, Woo Jong Shin, Kyoung Hun Kim
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, College of Medicine, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea. goldnan@hanyang.ac.kr
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation are associated with hemodynamic pressor responses, which can have adverse effects. During anesthesia induction with propofol target-controlled infusion (TCI), we aimed to determine the most appropriate dosage of alfentanil required for intubation, using a steady effect-site concentration of propofol and with the use of vecuronium.
METHODS
Eighty ASA class 1 or 2 patients presenting for elective surgery were allocated at random to one of four groups. Anesthesia was induced in all patients with TCI of propofol target concentration 8 microgram /ml, followed by vecuronium (0.12 mg/kg). This was reduced to 5microgram/ml when the effect-site concentration had been 4microgram/ml. After the effect-site concentrations had reached to 5microgram/ml, control group received normal saline, group 1 received alfentanil 10microgram/kg, group 2 received alfentanil 20microgram/kg, and group 3 received alfentanil 30microgram/kg. Laryngoscopy and intubation were performed 90 s later. Heart rate was monitored continuously. Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and mean arterial pressure were measured at pre-induction, post-induction (pre-intubation) and post-intubation, respectively. Complications such as hypotention and bradycardia were recorded until 5 minutes had elapsed after tracheal intubation.
RESULTS
Control group showed significant increases associated with tracheal intubation in all hemodynamic variables (P < 0.05). Post-intubation values decreased significantly from pre-induction values in groups 1, 2 and 3 (P < 0.05). In groups 2 and 3, hypotension and bradycardia occurred (zero in group 1) but there were no significant differences in their incidences between the three groups.
CONCLUSIONS
We suggest that alfentanil 10microgram/kg constitutes the optimal dosage to obtund the hemodynamic responses to tracheal intubation, using propofol TCI (5microgram/ml) and vecuronium for induction of anesthesia.
Key Words: alfentanil; propofol; target-controlled infusion (TCI); tracheal intubation
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