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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 41(5); 2001 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2001;41(5):620-631.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2001.41.5.620   
Effects of Propofol on Hypoxic Pulmonary Vasoconstriction after Pretreatment with L-NAME and Glibenclamide in Isolated Rat Lungs.
Ji Heui Lee, Seong DoK Kim, Choon Hi Lee
1Tae's Neuro-Pain Clinic, Korea. Jiheui@hanaro.com
2Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
3Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, Iwha University, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
BACKGROUND
It is generally accepted that propofol does not inhibit hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV). However, because the previous studies for the effects of propofol on HPV were established in vivo, the effects of physiologic variables could not be ruled out. Therefore, we investigated the effects of various concentrations of propofol on HPV at isolated rat lungs and the relationship of these effects of propofol on HPV and endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) and an ATP-dependent K+ channel which were candidates as the mechanism of HPV.
METHODS
In 30 isolated rat lungs, after three hypoxic challenges for 5 minutes, we administered saline in the control group, N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) in the L group and glibenclamide in the G group followed by three hypoxic challenges for 5 minutes. In addition, we studied the effects of various concentrations of propofol on HPV in the three groups.
RESULTS
L-NAME and glibenclamide did not alter baseline pulmonary arterial pressure but L-NAME significantly enhanced HPV. Clinical concentrations of propofol did not affect HPV and high concentrations of propofol inhibited HPV. The pretreatment of L-NAME and glibenclamide did not alter the inhibition of HPV even at high concentrations of propofol.
CONCLUSIONS
The EDRF and ATP-dependent K+ channel did not largely contribute to baseline pulmonary arterial tone but EDRF might be released and downregulate HPV. Clinical concentrations of propofol did not inhibit HPV but high concentrations of propofol inhibited HPV. In addition, the mechanism of inhibition of HPV at high concentrations of propofol did not relate to the EDRF pathway and ATP-dependent K+ channel.
Key Words: Anesthetics, intravenous: propofol; Ions: ATP-dependent K channel; Lung: endothelium-derived relaxing factor; hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction
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