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Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2001;41(6):727-733.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2001.41.6.727   
Relaxant Effects of Thiopental, Ketamine, and Propofol on Isolated Rat Tracheal smooth Muscle.
Sun Chong Kim, Soon Im Kim, In Suk Jeon, Sang Chul Bai, Jeong Seok Lee, Sung Yell Kim
Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang University, Seoul, Korea. soonnim@hosp.sch.ac.kr
Intravenous anesthetics may modify airway responsiveness. The author investigated the relaxant effect of thiopental, ketamine, and propofol on isolated rat tracheal smooth muscles.
The trachea of the rat was dissected and cut into 3-mm rings. The rings were mounted in a water-jacked organ bath filled with Krebs solution aerated with 95% O2 and 5% CO2 at 37degreesC. Thiopental, ketamine, and propofol were given randomly to each ring preconstricted with EC50 of acetylcholine from 10(-6) to 10(-3) M. The relaxation response was the tension during anesthetic equilibration, expressed as a percentage of the tension from EC50 of acetylcholine.
Thiopental and propofol (10(-5) to 10(-3) M) relaxed acetylcholine-induced contractions in a dose dependent manner (P < 0.05). Ketamine in doses of 10(-5) and 10(-4) M constricted acetylcholine-induced contractions by 3.2% and 16.5% respectively (P < 0.05). But ketamine in a dose of 10(-3) relaxed acetylcholine-induced contractions by 76.4% (P < 0.05). The relaxation of tracheal smooth muscles was greatest in thiopental, and was least in ketamine (P < 0.05).
All three intravenous anesthetics have an excellent relaxation of tracheal smooth muscles in rats, except in doses of 10(-5) and 10(-4) M of ketamine.
Key Words: Airway: trachea; tracheal smooth muscle tension; Anesthetics, intravenous: thiopental; ketamine; propofol; Animal: rat


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