Korean J Anesthesiol Search


Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2001;41(6):767-774.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2001.41.6.767   
The Value of Systemic Ketamine for Preemptive Analgesia in a Rat Model for ostoperative Pain.
Hae Jin Lee, Jin Hwan Choi, Se Ho Moon
Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea
Pretreatment of systemic ketamine reduced pain behaviors in some animal models with persistent pain. However, a clinically relevant preemptive analgeisic effect of systemic ketamine is controversial. The purpose of this study was to examine the preemptive effect of systemic ketamine in rats undergoing a plantar incision.
Ketamine (10, 30, or 100 mg/kg) or a saline vehicle was administered subcutaneously 30 minutes before an incision was made. Withdrawal thresholds to calibrated von Frey filaments adjacent to the wound were measured before incision and from 2 hours to postoperative 6 days after incision. To evaluate the effectiveness of an extension of antinociceptive treatment into the initial postoperative period, 30 mg/kg ketamine or a saline vehicle 30 minutes before an incision was made was administered subcutaneously followed by injection of 5 more of the same drug or vehicle every 1 hour. The development of pain behavior was also evaluated before incision and from 30 minutes after last drug injection to postoperative 6 days.
In saline vehicle-treated rats, mechanical hyperalgesia was persistent through day 1 after surgery and then gradually returned to the preincisional value. Thirty mg/kg ketamine increased the withdrawal threshold at 2 hours. One hundred mg/kg ketamine caused a motor block at 2 hours and increased the withdrawal threshold at 2.5 and 3 hours. A repeated injection of 30 mg/kg ketamine caused a motor block during the first 2 hours, and reduced hyperalgesia at 3 and 4 hours after the last drug injection. However, there were no significant differences in withdrawal thresholds among the groups at all subsequent times.
Antinociceptive treatment of systemic ketamine covers the period of surgery and the initial postoperative period by reducing early pain behavior, but had no impact on subsequent measures of hyperalgesia. Therefore, a preemptive effect of systemic ketamine in postoperative pain seems unlikely.
Key Words: Analgesics: ketamine; subcutaneous; Animals: rats; Pain: incisional; preemptive analgesia; postoperative


Browse all articles >

Editorial Office
101-3503, Lotte Castle President, 109 Mapo-daero, Mapo-gu, Seoul 04146, Korea
Tel: +82-2-792-5128    Fax: +82-2-792-4089    E-mail: journal@anesthesia.or.kr                

Copyright © 2024 by Korean Society of Anesthesiologists.

Developed in M2PI

Close layer
prev next