Korean J Anesthesiol Search


Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2002;42(6):722-729.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2002.42.6.722   
The Effect of the Lithotomy-Trendelenburg Position on Respiratory and Hemodynamic Changes during General Anesthesia.
Sae Yeon Kim, Sang Jin Park
Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea. sykim@med.yu.ac.kr
The effects of Trendelenburg positions used to expose the surgical field may induce intraoperative hemodynamic and respiratory changes that complicate anesthetic management. This study was performed to evaluate the effects of the lithotomy-Trendelenburg position on respiratory and hemodynamic changes with time passage during general anesthesia.
Twenty patients undergoing anorectal surgery with general anesthesia were studied. Hemodynamic and respiratory parameters were measured before the lithotomy-Trendelenburg position (L) and 3 min (LT3), 6 min (LT6), 12 min (LT12), 30 min (LT30) and 60 min (LT60) after the 30 degree Trendelenburg position. The cardiac index (CI), stroke volume (SV), systemic vascular resistance (SVR), airway resistance (Raw) and dynamic compliance (Cdyn) were measured by a non-invasive cardiac output monitor.
Central venous pressure and peak inspiratory pressure were markedly increased from the lithotomy to the lithotomy-Trendelenburg position. Heart rate was slightly increased while SV, CI, SVR and MAP were decreased. No significant changes of the SV or CI were observed during surgery. The Cdyn was significantly decreased.
The steep lithotomy-Trendelenburg position induces moderate adverse hemodynamic and respiratory effects in healthy patients. These findings indicate the need for more active hemodynamic and respiratory monitoring in patients with a compromised cardiopulmonary function.
Key Words: Hemodynamics; lithotomy-Trendelenburg position; non-invasive cardiac output monitoring; respiratory mechanics


Browse all articles >

Editorial Office
101-3503, Lotte Castle President, 109 Mapo-daero, Mapo-gu, Seoul 04146, Korea
Tel: +82-2-792-5128    Fax: +82-2-792-4089    E-mail: journal@anesthesia.or.kr                

Copyright © 2024 by Korean Society of Anesthesiologists.

Developed in M2PI

Close layer
prev next