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Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2000;38(3):528-536.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2000.38.3.528   
Effects of Acute Normovolemic Hemodilution on Intrapulmonary Shunt and Systemic Oxygen Delivery Balance during One Lung Ventilation in Dogs.
Woon Seok Roh, Jun Seok Lee, Chan Hong Park, Bong Il Kim, Soung Kyung Cho, Sang Hwa Lee
Department of Anesthesiology, School of Medicine, Catholic University of Taegu Hyosung, Taegu, Korea.
The present study was done to elucidate the effects of acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) on intrapulmonary shunt (Qs/Qt) and systemic oxygen delivery balance during one lung ventilation (OLV).
To induce one lung ventilation, an atelectasis of the right lung was produced in anesthetized mongrel dogs. In 6 dogs with OLV, ANH was produced by sequential hemodilution with hydroxyethyl starch. ANH was divided into 3 stages (ANH0: no hemodilition, ANH1: first hemodilution, ANH2: second hemodilution). Qs/Qt was measured by using blood gas analysis. Various hemodynamic parameters, oxygen delivery, and consumption were measured or calculated indirectly.
After hemodilution, hemoglobin levels at each stage were 9.9 +/- 1.3 g/dl (ANH0), 7.0 +/- 1.0 g/dl (ANH1), and 5.2 +/- 0.7 g/dl (ANH2). The Qs/Qt of ANH2 stage increased from 25.0 11.4% of ANH0 to 35.4 9.2% (P < 0.05). Cardiac output of ANH2 increased from 2.4 +/- 0.8 ml/min of ANH0 to 3.2 +/- 0.8 ml/min (P < 0.05). Pulmonary and systemic vascular resistance measurements in ANH2 were lower than those of ANH0 (P < 0.05). The changes in pH and carbon dioxide tension and mixed venous oxygen tension by ANH were not significant in comparison with ANH0 (P > 0.05). Global oxygen delivery was markedly decreased by hemodilution in OLV (P < 0.05), whereas global oxygen consumption was maintained.
We conclude that global oxygen delivery balance is preserved by ANH in this study. However, extreme ANH has a deleterious effect on pulmonary gas exchange, possibly through the attenuation of hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction during one-lung ventilation. On the basis of this study, increased cardiac output generated by ANH might be the cause of inhibition or blunting of hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction.
Key Words: Lung: hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction; Transfusion: autologous; hemodilution, acute normovolemic; Ventilation: one lung


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