Korean J Anesthesiol Search

CLOSE


Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 35(1); 1998 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1998;35(1):50-57.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1998.35.1.50   
A Comparison of Fentanyl, Lidocaine and Esmolol for Blunting the Hemodynamic Response during Rapid-Sequence Induction in the Hemodynamically Unstable Patients.
Eun Jee Park, Min Jeon Kwag, Jung Koo Lee, Jung Kil Chung
Department of Anesthesiology, Keimyung University, School of Medicine, Taegu, Korea.
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Tracheal intubation is accompanied by varing degrees of sympathetic stimulation as reflected by increases in heart rate, and blood pressure and several clinical trials to reduce the effects on blood pressure and heart rate by pharmacologic agents such as and blockers, calcicum channel blockers, narcotics and lidocaine, have been reported.
METHODS
To evaluate the effect of fentanyl, lidocaine, esmolol on the hemodynamic changes induced by intubation, we administered thiopental 5 mg/kg only (group 1, n=12), fentanyl 2 g/kg with thiopental 5 mg/kg (group 2, n=12), lidocaine 1 mg/kg with thiopental 5 mg/kg group 3, n=12) or esmolol 0.5 mg/kg with thiopental 5 mg/kg (group 4, n=12) for induction of anesthesia, and measured heart rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arteiral pressure, and rate-pressure products (RPP) before induction, after induction, after intubation and at 1, 2, 3, and 5 minutes after intubation.
RESULTS
There was a significant increase in heart rate, systolic blood pressure and RPP after intubation and 1 min after intubation in all groups, but in group 2, group 3 and group 4, the cardiovascular responses were more attenuated compared to group 1.
CONCLUSION
The preintubation intravenous injection of fentanyl, lidocaine and esmolol may offer important roles in the hemodynamically unstable patients because it attenuate cardiovascular responses with intubation.
Key Words: Intubation, tracheal : sympathetic stimulation; Pharmacology: fentanyl; lidocaine; esmolol


ABOUT
ARTICLE CATEGORY

Browse all articles >

BROWSE ARTICLES
AUTHOR INFORMATION
Editorial Office
101-3503, Lotte Castle President, 109 Mapo-daero, Mapo-gu, Seoul 04146, Korea
Tel: +82-2-795-5129    Fax: +82-2-792-4089    E-mail: anesthesia@kams.or.kr                

Copyright © 2019 by Korean Society of Anesthesiologists. All rights reserved.

Developed in M2community

Close layer
prev next