Korean J Anesthesiol Search

CLOSE


Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 28(4); 1995 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1995;28(4):541-547.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1995.28.4.541   
Changes of Arterial Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Tension according to Apnea Time during Anesthesia.
Yong Taek Nam, Sook Yeoung Lee, Jin Su Kim, Chae Hong Chung, Young Sun Seo
1Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Korea.
2Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, Ajou University, Korea.
Abstract
This study was attempted to observe the rate of fall of arterial oxygen tension and the rate of rise of artetrial carbon dioxide tension after denitrogenation with 100%(Group I, n=10) or 50% oxygen(Group II, n=15) in 25 healthy ASA class I patients scheduled for ear, oromaxillary, head and orthopedic surgery that do not affect respiration or pulmonary function. After 30 minutes of denitrogenation under supine position, apnea was carried out by dis- connecting the endotracheal tube and rebreathing circuit until arterial oxygen saturation decreased to 90-95% by pulse oximetry which was placed at index finger. We calculated the mean rate of decrease of arterial oxygen tension (PaO2(tn)-PaO2(tn+1)) and the mean rate of increase of arterial carbon dioxide tension (PaCO2(tn+1)-PaCO2(tn)) minute by minute by arterial blood gas analysis. The results are as follows. 1) The mean rate of decrease of arterial oxygen tension after apnea was 40.96+/-11.02 in Group I and 43.22+/-5.49 mmHg/min. in Group II 2) The rate of increase of arterial carbon dioxide tension during the first one minute of apnea was 5.94+/-0.85 in Group I and 5.56+0.64 mmHg in Group II 3) The mean rate of increase of arterial carbon dioxide tension after first one minute was 2.46+/-0.78 in Group I and 2.47+/-0.71 mmHg/min. in Group II With the above results, we concluded that healthy human subject who was denitrogenated with 100% oxygen about 30 minutes can withstand apnea as far as 7 minutes, and those who denitrogenated with 50% oxygen can withstand apnea as far as 3 minutes without hypoxic insult.
Key Words: Denitrogenation; Apnea; Hypoxemia; Hypercarbia


ABOUT
ARTICLE CATEGORY

Browse all articles >

BROWSE ARTICLES
AUTHOR INFORMATION
Editorial Office
101-3503, Lotte Castle President, 109 Mapo-daero, Mapo-gu, Seoul 04146, Korea
Tel: +82-2-795-5129    Fax: +82-2-792-4089    E-mail: anesthesia@kams.or.kr                

Copyright © 2019 by Korean Society of Anesthesiologists. All rights reserved.

Developed in M2community

Close layer
prev next