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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 30(4); 1996 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1996;30(4):493-497.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1996.30.4.493   
Studies of 24 Cases in Continuous Epidural Anesthesia for Cesarean Section in Preeclamptic Parturients.
Sung Ju Kim, Jang Soo Park, Soon Hong Moon, Dong Yeop Shin, Ki Hyeok Hong
Department of Anesthesiology, College of Medicine, In-Je University, Paik Hospital Sanggye, Seoul, Korea.
Adequate evaluation and monitoring for pre-eclamptic paturient and capable assistance before induction for anesthesiologist, must be taken to avoid sudden severe maternal hypertension with intubation during a Rapid Sequence intravenous induction. Such event predispose the paturient to intracranial hemorrhage and pulmonary hypertension with pulmonary edema. To diminish danger of hypertension that can be developed during general anesthesia and facilitate control of blood pressure, 24 women presenting for cesarean section were studied.
All received 17.9+/-2.6ml of 0.5% bupivacaine, including 3ml of test dose, through the epidural catheter inserted in T12-L1 interspace using 18 gauge Tuohy needle to the patients with a lateral decubitus position. We measured blood pressure and heart rate in 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 45, and 60 minutes after injection of 0.5% bupivacaine and 15 minutes after transferred to recovery room.
The blood pressure of the patients started to decrease in 5 minutes and most decreased in 20 minutes after injection, the heart rate had little change but decreased significantly in 45 minutes. Apgar Scores of the neonates at 1 and 5 minutes were 7.3+/-2.0 and 9.2+/-1.5. The patients used ephedrine and crystalloid solution for correction of hypotension were 6 of 24 women and had no any systemic toxicity or neurologic symptoms by local anesthetics(bupivacaine).
Continuous epidural anesthesia for cesarean section in preeclamptic patients is recommended for safe anesthesia.
Key Words: Anesthetic techniques; epidural; general; Anesthesia; obstetric
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