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Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1994;27(11):1583-1588.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1994.27.11.1583   
Neuromuscular Blocking Actions of Mivacurium in Pediatric Patients.
Jin Gu Kang, Chong Sung Kim, Yong Rak Kim, Il Yong Kwak
Department of Anesthesiology, Seoul National University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
The surgeries based on the outpstient department have increased recently. One of the indications of outpatient surgery is chemical peeling of the face that usually re- quires only deep sedation of short duration. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effeets of ketamine and midszolam for out patient facial chemical peeling. Fifty-nine unpremedicated patients undergoing chemical peeling of the face were anesthetized with bolus intravenous injection of 1mg/kg of ketamine and 0.1 mg/kg of midazolam. Additional dose of ketamine(10-20mg) was given as needed. During operation, we observed systolic and diastolic blood pressure with noninvasive blood pressure monitor and peripheral oxygen saturation(SpO2) with pulse oximeter. All patients were allowed to breathe spontane- ously without ventilatory support during the operation. There was no case of airway ob- struction and SpO2 value was over 97% in most cases. The systolic and diastolic blood pressure and pulse rate were increased after the injection of ketamine and midazolam. And we observed the untoward effect of anesthetics such as the purposeless movement(6.8%), involuntary phonation(3.4%), skin rash(3.4%) and headache(1.7%). In postoperative analysis about the recall, bad dream, mood, and the degree of satisfaction of this type of anesthesia, the rate of patient's positive acceptance was high(86.4%) and the reeovery time was 58min. We conclude that combination of intravenous ketamine and midszolam can produce satisfactory anesthesia with few complications for outpatient chemical peeling surgery of the face.
Key Words: Mivacurium; Recovery index; Pediatric patients


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