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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 19(4); 1986 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1986;19(4):342-347.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1986.19.4.342   
Statistical Observstion of Pneumothorax in the Newborn.
Chi Hyo Kim
Department of Anesthesiology, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.
Twenty-nine medical records of pneumothorax in newborns have been reviewed. These occurred during the 2 years from Jan. 1983 to Dec. 1984 at EWHU. The results were as follows 1) The incidence of pneumothorax in live births was 0.5%. 2) The incidence of pneumothorax was higher in full-term babies(65.5%), and more frequently in males(72.4%). 3) On radiologic evaluation, pneumothorax was 55.2% on the right side, 17.2% in both lungs and 20.7% associated with pneumomediastinum. 4) In newborns with pneumothorax, at one minute the Apgar Score of 0 to 2 was 34.5%, at five minutes the Apgar Score of 7 to 10 was 44.8%. 5) The motality of pneumothorax was 17.2%. 6) Within the first 24 hours in birth 83.8% of the pneumothorax in newborns had occurred. 7) The most common cause of pneumothorax in the newborn was meconium aspiration (58.6%) and incidence of postintubation pneumothorax 13.3%.
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