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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 20(4); 1987 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1987;20(4):506-509.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1987.20.4.506   
Effect of Meperidine Spinal Anesthesia for Cesarean Section .
Ae Ra Kim, Jae Kyu Jeon
Department of Anesthesiology, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Taegu, Korea.
Abstract
Recently several reports have described the usefulness of meperidine as a sole agent for spinal anestaeaia. In this study, meperidine mixed with a 10% dextrose solution was used for a spinal anesthetic agent for Cesarean sections in twenty cases. The results from the meperidine spinal anesthesia were compared with lidocaine spinal anesthesia. The specific gravity was 1.043 with 5% lidocaine solusion and 1.029 with meperidine solution. Both were hyperbaric and very similar in baricity. Hypotension over 20% decre-ase in systolic blood pressure due to spinal aneshesia was found in nine out of 20 cases in the lidocaine group and eleven out of 20 cases in the meperidine group. A dose of ephed- rine used for hypotension was 14.+/-3.mg in the lidocaine group and 20.6+/-10.2mg in the meperidine group. The Apgar score was 10 in both groups at 5 minutes. The duration from the administration of the drug until the development of severe pain postoperatively was checked as 481.8+/-197.8 minutes in the meperidine group and 89.0+/-21.8 minutes in the lidocaine group (P<0.001) . As a result of thin study, it was concluded that meperidine can serve as an alternative agent for spinal anesthesia for a Cesarean section. The motor recovery from meperidine spinal anesthesia is shorter than lidocaine and the postoperative analgesic effect was very efficient and much longer than lidocaine, and no clinical signs of fetal depression with a good Apgar score were observed.
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