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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 55(6); 2008 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2008;55(6):670-674.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2008.55.6.670   
The effect of remifentanil infusion on coughing during emergence from general anesthesia with desflurane.
Hyeok Rae Cho, Hae Kyu Kim, Seung Hoon Baek, Kyu Youn Jung
Department of Anesthesia and Pain Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Busan, Kroea. hakykim@pusan.ac.kr
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Coughing during emergence from general anesthesia is a common clinical problem and results in a number of undesirable side effects. Remifentanil stimulate micron-opioid peptide receptor known to be related to antitussive effect. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of remifentanil on coughing after general anesthesia with desflurane.
METHODS
Fifty one ASA physical status I and II patients undergoing elective oral and maxillofacial surgery were randomly assigned to receive either remifentanil with 1 ng/ml effect site concentration or normal saline until extubation. The number and intensity of coughs were monitored during emergence and the recovery time was recorded.
RESULTS
The incidence and number of coughing during emergence was significant less frequent in the remifentanil group (P < 0.05). The intensity of coughing was significant milder in the remifentanil group (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between two groups in the recovery time.
CONCLUSIONS
Continuous remifentanil infusion with 1 ng/ml effect site concentration during emergence from general anesthesia with desflurane decrease the incidence of coughing without delaying the recovery time.
Key Words: cough; desflurane; emergence; remifentanil
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