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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 47(3); 2004 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 2004;47(3):373-378.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.2004.47.3.373   
Control of Postinguinal Herniorrhaphy Pain in Children.
Sungsik Chon, Duck Mi Yoon, Jinho Kim, Eun Kyoung Ahn, Sang Hwa Kang, Chang Man Keum
1Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, National Health Insurance Corporation Ilsan Hospital, Ilsan, Korea. sschon@nhimc.or.kr
2Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
3Anesthesia and Pain Research Institute, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Postoperative pain control in children is an important problem for management but it was treated negligently. In the past, the pain was undertreated in children, even more in infant. In recent years, the importance of the pain control in children was emphasized but not enough, yet. This study was designed to evaluate the propriety of intraoperative intravenous medication technique and effectiveness of the fentanyl, ketorolac and ketamine for pain control following inguinal herniorrhaphy in pediatric patients.
METHODS
Eighty children for inguinal herniorrhaphy under general anesthesia were divided into four groups. Group I received no analgesics as a control. Group II, III and IV were received intravenous fentanyl 1microgram/kg, ketorolac 1 mg/kg and ketamine 1 mg/kg respectively. Fentanyl and ketolorac were injected intravenously during the induction of anesthesia and ketamine was injected at the entrance of operating room. Emergence time and the degree of pain was evaluated.
RESULTS
Our result showed that group II and group III had a lower pain score than that of the control group at the 5 min, 10 min, 20 min and 30 min in the recovery room (P <0.05), but no significant differences were found between the group I and group IV. The time interval from the end of operation to extubation was prolonged in the group II compared to the control group (P <0.05). But no significant differences were found between the three groups.
CONCLUSIONS
We suggest that intravenous administration of analgesics has the propriety of the control of postinguinal herniorraphy pain in children. Intravenous administration of fentanyl 1microgram/kg and ketorolac 1 mg/kg during induction would be an easy, simple and effective means for relieving postinguinal herniorrhaphy pain in recovery room.
Key Words: children; fentanyl; ketorolac; ketamine


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