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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 33(1); 1997 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1997;33(1):112-116.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1997.33.1.112   
Transcranial Doppler Study in Mean Blood Flow Velocity and Carbon Dioxide Reactivity of Middle Cerebral Artery during Isoflurane-N2O and Propofol-N2O Anesthesia.
Kyung Ream Han, Jong In Han, Rack Kyung Chung, Guie Yong Lee, Choon Hi Lee, Myung Hyun Kim
Abstract
BACKGROUND
The reduction is cerebral blood flow (CBF) caused by hypocapnia is an important element of anesthetic techniques for neurosurgery as well as for nonneurologic surgery in patients with reduced intracranial compliance. Accordingly, the impact of anesthetic agents on the CO2 responsiveness of the cerebral circulation has important implications with regard to anesthetic selection. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of isoflurane-N2O and propofol-N2O anesthesia on the CBF response to changes in end-tidal CO2 in healthy patients.
METHODS
19 healthy patients with nonneurological operation were selected. In group 1, anesthesia was induced with thiopental sodium 4 mg/kg, fentanyl 1 g/kg, succinylcholine 1~1.5 mg/kg and was maintained with isoflurane 0.5~1.5 vol%. In group 2, anesthesia was induced with propofol 2~2.5 mg/kg, fentanyl 1 g/kg, succinylcholine 1~1.5 mg/kg and was maintained with a propofol infusion of 10 mg/kg/h for 10 min and then 8 mg/kg/h for 10 min and then was reduced 3~6 mg/kg/h of the remainder of the study. All patients were ventilated with N2O in O2 (FIO2 0.5) and measured end-tidal CO2 (PETCO2). Mean blood flow velocity of middle cerebral artery was measured using transcranial Doppler in PETCO2 45, 40, 35, 30, 25, 20 mmHg.
RESULT
CO2 reactivity of MCA flow velocity during isoflurane-N2O and propofol-N2O anesthesia was 5.1 +/- 1.8 %/mmHg, 4.4 +/- 1.0 %/mmHg respectively.
CONCLUSION
The cerebral vasculature in healthy patients remains responsive to changes in PETCO2 during isoflurane-N2O and propofol-N2O anesthesia.
Key Words: Anestheics, intravenous, propofol; Anesthetics, valatile, isoflurnae; Brain, cerebral blood flow velocity; Carbon dioxide, end-tidal, reactivity


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