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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 32(1); 1997 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1997;32(1):32-38.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1997.32.1.32   
Total Intravenous Anesthesia with Fentanyl and Propofol.
Hyung Nam Kim, Ji A Lee, Hong Yong Jin
Department of Anesthesiology, National Police Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Total intravenous anesthesia(TIVA) with various kinds of sedatives and synthetic analgesics has many advantages such as no air pollution, no hepatic or renal toxicity and good postoperative pain relief compared with inhalation anesthesia.
METHODS
TIVA with fentanyl and propofol was applied to the 25 patients in ASA class I and II. The changes of hemodynamics, arterial blood gas, blood sugar level, hepatorenal function and complications were evaluated perioperatively.
RESULTS
Systolic blood pressure and mean arterial pressure decreased after induction, but intraoperatively systolic blood pressure became preoperative value while mean arterial pressure increased compared with preoperative value. Heart rate increased after induction and intraoperatively. At recovery room there were no clinically significant changes in the data of arterial blood gas. The blood sugar level slightly increased during postoperative period. There were no clinically significant changes in hepatic or renal function test of postoperative 3rd day compared with preoperative one. The chief complications of TIVA during anesthesia were pain on injection site and slight movement, while nausea or vomiting, dizziness and urinary retention were the major complications at postoperative period.
CONCLUSIONS
TIVA with fentanyl and propofol is considered to have good controllability and it can be applied as one of the general anesthesia methods in the case of contraindications to N2O and volatile anesthetics, but further study will be required to quantify the appropriate dosage of propofol or fentanyl to minimize perioperative hemodynamic change and respiratory depression.
Key Words: Anesthetics; intravenous fentanyl; propofol


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