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Korean J Anesthesiol > Volume 30(1); 1996 > Article
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology 1996;30(1):7-14.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4097/kjae.1996.30.1.7   
Effect of Tetraethylammonium on the Contractile Reponse in the Isolated Rat Phrenic: Hemidiaphra.
Hyang Joo Lee, Kwang Soo Lee, Yoon Kang Song, Tai Yo Kim, Bong Kyu Choi
1Department of Anesthesiology, Wonkwang University Medical School, Iksan, Korea.
2Department of Pharmacology, Wonkwang University Medical School, Iksan, Korea.
Abstract
BACKGROUND
Recently, the phannacologic and therapeutic significance of various types of potassium channels are being realized. Thus it was attempted to delineate the role of voltage-gated K+ -channels on the excitation-contraction coupling in skeletal muscle.
METHODS
The effects of tetraethylammonium, a well known K+ -channel blocker, on the electrically-evoked twitch response, train-of-four and tetanic stimulation, and the influence of various agents on the these effects were studied in the isolated rat hemi-diaphragm preparation.
RESULTS
Tetraethylammonium (1 & 3 mM) increased the electrically-evoked twitch response, but the large dose (10 mM) decreased the twitch response. And tetraethylammonium decreased the TOF- and tetanus-ratio in a dose-related fashion. d-Tubocurarine(1 microM) decreased the twitch response, and tetraethylammonium recovered the d-tubocurarine-induced-depression of twitch response. When the Ca++(6x) and K+ (2x) concentration of the medium were increased, the twitch response caused by tetraethylammonium were slightly inhibited than that observed in the normal solution, but the fade phenomenon was potentiated. The tetraethylammonium (10 mM)-induced depression of twitch response were reduced by reducing the stimulus frequency to 0.01 Hz and choline (400 microM) treatment. And N-ethylmaleimide inhibited the tetraethylammonium-induced increment of twitch response and also potentiated the tetraethylammonium-induced fade phenomenon. However, it is noteworth the 4-aminopy- ridine, another K+ -channel bloker, potentiated the electrically-evoked twitch response but did not affect the TOF-and tetanusratio.
CONCLUSION
These result indicate that tetraethylammonium elicited two districtive types of response in the rat phrenic-hemidiaphragm preparation. The potentiating effects of twitch response is mediated by blocking delayed K+ -rectifier channel and decreasing effects of twitch response, TOF-and tetanus-ratio is may be due to decreased the acetylcholine release from presynaptic nerve terminal.
Key Words: Anatomy: hemi-diaphragm; Physiology: Potassium channel; Drug: Tetraethylammonium


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